She died of breast cancer in Wheelwright, T. The Independent. Many in the field are skeptical of this hypothesis, however. References E. Cox, S.
One of the key concepts in autism research — that people with autism have difficulties interpreting the actions and intentions of others — owes its existence to Simon Baron-Cohen , a British researcher and among the most provocative thinkers in the field. Few scientists have a career that spans as wide a spectrum in autism research as Baron-Cohen, professor of developmental psychopathology at the University of Cambridge in the U. The job led him to a Ph. At the time, theory of mind — the ability to attribute mental states to others and interpret their actions — was a new concept, and it was thought that mind blindness , or the lack of theory of mind, might be the underlying cause of some aspects of autism. In the scenario, one of the dolls places a marble into her basket and leaves the scene. The second doll then moves the marble into her own basket. In the late s, Baron-Cohen began to explore the idea that the autism spectrum might be defined by sex differences.
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In , Baron-Cohen formulated the mind-blindness theory of autism , the evidence for which he collated and published in In , he formulated the fetal sex steroid theory of autism , the key test of which was published in He has also made major contributions to the fields of typical cognitive sex differences, autism prevalence and screening, autism genetics, autism neuroimaging , autism and technical ability, and synaesthesia. However, his views on autism and sex differences, such as the fetal sex steroid theory, are controversial, some critics asserting that Baron-Cohen's theories are based on subjective perceptions. Baron-Cohen was born into a middle-class Jewish family in London. He married Bridget Lindley, a family rights lawyer who he had met at Oxford, in
In the first major trial using the test, the average score in the control group was Eighty percent of those diagnosed with autism or a related disorder scored 32 or higher. We are coding a more modern version that will be available shortly. Manual calculation of the score is available by following the instructions at the bottom of the test. How to score:. Published: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31, Skip Article Header.